Tag Archives: currency

Economic Growth Rate

Economic Growth Rate Economic growth Rate describes an increase in the quantity and quality of the economic goods and services that a society produces and consumes. From the long-term perspective of social history, we know that economic prosperity and lasting economic growth is very recent achievement for humanity. In this entry, we will also look…

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Balance of Trade

Balance of Trade What is the Balance of Trade? The Balance of Trade (BoT) is the difference between the total value of exports and the total value of imports of a country within a period. It is also referred to as trade balance, commercial balance or net exports (NX). The Balance of Trade shows whether the country had achieved…

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Balance of Payments

Balance of Payments The balance of payments(BOP) is an accounting of a country’s international transactions over a certain time period. It shows the sum of the transactions—purely financial ones, as well as those involving goods or services—between individuals, businesses and government agencies in that country and those in the rest of the world. What is…

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Basic Earnings Per Share (EPS)

Basic Earnings Per Share (EPS) Earnings per share (EPS) is a key metric that determines the common shareholder’s portion of the company’s profit. EPS measures each common share’s profit allocation about the company’s total profit. IFRS uses the term “ordinary shares” to refer to common shares. The EPS figure is important because it is used…

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Hedge Fund

Hedge Fund Hedge funds limit their participants to accredited investors. An accredited investor is defined as someone with a liquid net worth greater than $1 million or an annual net income greater than $200,000 (or $300,000 with a spouse). The SEC allows accredited investors to invest in less-regulated securities offerings because it assumes investors with…

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Interest rate

Interest rate An interest rate is either the cost of borrowing money or the reward for saving it. It is calculated as a percentage of the amount borrowed or saved.1 You borrow money from banks when you take out a home mortgage. Other loans can be used for buying a car, an appliance, or paying…

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Futures market

Futures market To understand fully what a futures market is, it’s important to understand the basics of futures contracts, the assets traded in these markets. Futures contracts are made in an attempt by producers and suppliers of commodities to avoid market volatility. These producers and suppliers negotiate contracts with an investor who agrees to take on both…

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Forward market

Forward market How forward market works A forward market leads to the creation of forwarding contracts. While forward contracts—like futures contracts—may be used for both hedging and speculation, there are some notable differences between the two. Forward contracts can be customized to fit a customer’s requirements, while futures contracts have standardized features in terms of their contract size and maturity. Forwards execute…

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Spot market

Spot market A spot market is where financial instruments are exchanged for immediate delivery, such as commodities, currencies, and securities. Delivery, here, means cash exchange for a financial tool. In comparison, a futures contract is based on the delivery of the underlying asset at a future date. Over-the-counter (OTC) markets and exchanges may provide spot trading and/or futures trading. How Spot Markets Work Spot markets are also referred…

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Currency Revaluation

Currency Revaluation What is Currency Revaluation? In a fixed exchange rate regime, only a decision by a country’s government, such as its central bank, can alter the official value of the currency. Developing economies are more likely to use a fixed-rate system to limit speculation and provide a stable system. A floating rate is the opposite of a…

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