Category Archives: Margin

Effective Gross Income

Effective Gross Income What is Effective Gross Income (EGI)? There’s big money-making potential with an investment rental property. However, determining how much you’ll actually make isn’t as simple as multiplying the monthly rent by 12. To understand your true cash flow, you’ll need to keep an eye on your effective gross income (EGI) about your net…

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Basic Earnings Per Share (EPS)

Basic Earnings Per Share (EPS) Earnings per share (EPS) is a key metric that determines the common shareholder’s portion of the company’s profit. EPS measures each common share’s profit allocation about the company’s total profit. IFRS uses the term “ordinary shares” to refer to common shares. The EPS figure is important because it is used…

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Futures market

Futures market To understand fully what a futures market is, it’s important to understand the basics of futures contracts, the assets traded in these markets. Futures contracts are made in an attempt by producers and suppliers of commodities to avoid market volatility. These producers and suppliers negotiate contracts with an investor who agrees to take on both…

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Forward market

Forward market How forward market works A forward market leads to the creation of forwarding contracts. While forward contracts—like futures contracts—may be used for both hedging and speculation, there are some notable differences between the two. Forward contracts can be customized to fit a customer’s requirements, while futures contracts have standardized features in terms of their contract size and maturity. Forwards execute…

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Spot market

Spot market A spot market is where financial instruments are exchanged for immediate delivery, such as commodities, currencies, and securities. Delivery, here, means cash exchange for a financial tool. In comparison, a futures contract is based on the delivery of the underlying asset at a future date. Over-the-counter (OTC) markets and exchanges may provide spot trading and/or futures trading. How Spot Markets Work Spot markets are also referred…

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Variation Margin

Variation Margin The variation margin is a variable margin payment made by clearing members, such as a futures broker, to their respective clearing houses based on adverse price movements of the futures contracts these members hold. Variation margin is paid by clearing members on a daily. Or intraday basis to reduce the exposure created by…

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Margin Call

Margin Call To understand a forex margin call, it is essential to know about the interrelated concepts of margin and leverage. Margin and leverage are two sides of the same coin. Margin is the minimum amount of money required to place a leveraged trade.  Leverage provides traders with greater exposure to markets without having to fund the…

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Currency Revaluation

Currency Revaluation What is Currency Revaluation? In a fixed exchange rate regime, only a decision by a country’s government, such as its central bank, can alter the official value of the currency. Developing economies are more likely to use a fixed-rate system to limit speculation and provide a stable system. A floating rate is the opposite of a…

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