Category Archives: currency

Guaranteed Investment Fund

Guaranteed Investment Fund Guaranteed investment income is a type of investment product by insurance companies that allow clients to invest in equity, bond, and/or index fund. While providing a promise of a predefined minimum value of the fund will be available at the fund’s maturity. Guarantor An entity that commits to providing the funds required…

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Guaranteed Investment Certificates

Guaranteed Investment  Certificates If you’re looking to invest but don’t want to take on much risk, then Guaranteed Investment Certificates (GICs) could be a good fit for you. This type of investment product has been popular with Canadians for decades since it provides guaranteed returns. Though the returns you get may not help you reach…

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Fund Flow

Fund Flow Fund flow, also referred to as asset flows or just “flows,” measures the net movement of cash into and out of investment vehicles like mutual funds and exchange-traded funds. They do not reflect the performance of the investment, only how investors move their money. Outflows reflect share redemptions, or when investors take their…

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Index Fund

Index Fund An index mutual fund or ETF (exchange-traded fund) tracks the performance of a specific market benchmark—or “index,” like the popular S&P 500 Index—as closely as possible. That’s why you may hear people refer to indexing as a “passive” investment strategy. Instead of hand-selecting which stocks or bonds the fund will hold, the fund’s manager buys all…

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Fixed cost

Fixed cost Fixed cost is a cost that does not change when sales or production volumes increase or decrease. This is because they do not directly associate with manufacturing a product or delivering a service. As a result, fixed costs are indirect. Fixed costs can include property taxes, rent, salaries and the cost of benefits…

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High-Yield Bond

High-Yield Bond High-yield bond (also called junk bonds) are bonds that pay higher interest rates because they have lower credit ratings than investment-grade bonds. They are more likely to default, so they must pay a higher yield than investment-grade bonds to compensate investors. Issuers of high-yield debt tend to be startup companies or capital-intensive firms…

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Gross domestic product (GDP)

Gross domestic product (GDP) Gross domestic product (GDP), the total market value of the goods and services produced by a country’s economy during a specified period. It includes all final goods and services—that is, those that produce from the economic agents in that country regardless of their ownership. Moreover, it is used throughout the world…

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Economic Growth Rate

Economic Growth Rate Economic growth Rate describes an increase in the quantity and quality of the economic goods and services that a society produces and consumes. From the long-term perspective of social history, we know that economic prosperity and lasting economic growth is very recent achievement for humanity. In this entry, we will also look…

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