How to start trading on forex

How to start trading on forex

Moreover, How to start trading on forex

How to start trading on forex? Many want to make money in the forex market, but few who begin to trade forex want to do the prep work needed to become successful traders. While trading forex has become easier now than ever before because you can trade online via the internet, most novice traders still lose money.

A combination of factors that include unfamiliarity with the market, insufficient trading capital, not trading according to a plan and failing to practise sound money management techniques to preserve trading capital contribute to the loss. But, once these inhibitory factors are overcome, just about anyone has a chance at becoming a successful forex trader.


Common Forex Market terms

Currency Pair

There are 180 recognized currencies in circulation being used in 195 countries. As traders, we can speculate on the performance of a certain currency by using a range of analyses and research to determine how that currency will perform in the marketplace.

How we trade these currencies is based on one currency’s performance against another – Forex Trading.

When selecting a currency to trade, you will notice that these come in pairs. Let us use EUR/USD as a case study.

If you were to ‘buy EUR against USD, you would be betting that the Euro is going to perform more strongly than the US Dollar.

Pairs are categorized into 3 core groups:

Major Pairs – The 8 common pairs all of which contain USD as the base currency or counter currency and one of the following – EUR, CAD, GBP, CHF, JPY, AUD, NZD.

Cross Pairs – These are any 2 major currencies that do not contain the US Dollar as the base or counter currency. These are deemed more volatile than Major Pairs.

Examples include GBP/AUD, EUR/CAD, and NZD/CAD to name a few.

Exotics – These are quite literally exotic currencies, lesser well-known currencies which can be extremely volatile in the market. These include South African Rand, Hungarian Forint and Polish Zloty.



Leverage is, in essence, borrowing money from within a trading account. Trading with leverage allows a trader to open a position with a high contract size with less expenditure.

High leveraged trading is an effective way to trade your favourite Forex pairs, cryptocurrencies and much more without investing vast amounts of capital.

Let’s use a popular Forex pair as a case study and use GBP/USD

Based on a contract size of 100,000 per lot a trader without using leverage would need around $130,000.00.

130,000 / 500 = $260

Using 1:500 leverage, a trader can open a position with just $260.00.

The trader is now controlling $130,000 with just $260

Bid / Ask price

The bid price is the price a trader is willing to sell a currency pair.

The asking price is the price a trader will buy a currency pair.

These prices are displayed on the left-hand side of MT4 in the ‘Market Watch’ section.

The difference between the bid and ask price is known as The Spread.

Going Long / Short

When a trader is going long on a currency pair the first part of the pair is bought while the second is sold. Going long or buying a currency means that you expect the price to rise.

i.e. AUD / USD

Buying the Australian Dollar against the US Dollar – expecting the price of AUD to rise.

When a trader is going short the first currency is sold while the second currency is bought.

Going short is ‘selling’ one half of a currency pair in the hopes that the price will decrease.


Margin is the initial capital that a trader needs to put up to open a position. It also allows a trader to open a larger position size.

When trading with a margin, the trader only needs to put forward a percentage of the full value of a position to open the trade.

Margin opens the door to leveraged trading but, be wary, margin magnifies both profits as well as losses.


The acronym PIP stands for Percentage In Point.

PIP is the smallest movement reflected in an exchange rate on a currency pair. The PIP is the 4th decimal on a price quote for a currency pair. It measures value.

For example:


The price quote is 0.6876

This means that 1 Australian Dollar will enable you to buy about 0.6876 US Dollars. If the PIP increased by 0.0001 to 0.6877 this would mean that you can acquire slightly more US Dollars for every 1 Australian Dollar.

Lot Size

A Lot in Forex trading is the size of trade/position that you will open.

1 Lot in standard Forex trading on a currency pair is the equivalent of 100,000 units of the base currency of the pair.

If we look at EUR / USD, this means that opening a trade-in USD would mean the trade size is $100,000.

EUR is the base currency.

1 standard PIP is worth $10

This means a 10 PIP incremental movement in a buy trade, this would represent a $100 gain.


 Bullish / Bearish

Market sentiment gives a view of the performance of a particular market or the stock market overall.

When Market sentiment is Bullish, this means the price is going up.

When Market sentiment is Bearish, this means the price is going down.

An easy way to distinguish the difference is that bulls have horns and toss things in the air when provoked.  Prices rising.

When provoking bears, they get on their hind legs and tear things down.  Prices decreasing.


5 Easy Steps on how to start trading on forex

You can take the following steps to prepare yourself to start trading forex:


To trade forex, you’ll need access to a reliable Internet connection with minimal service interruptions to trade through an online broker. You’ll also need to obtain a smartphone, tablet or computer to run a trading platform on. If your internet drops while you’re trading, that can result in undesirable losses if the market moves against you.

  1. Find a suitable online forex broker.

    You can probably open an account with an online forex broker no matter where you live. Just look for one that meets your requirements as a trader and will accept you as a client. At a minimum, the broker you choose should keep your money segregated from its own and operate in a well-regulated jurisdiction under the oversight of a reputable regulator, such as the UK’s Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) or the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC).

  2. Open and fund a trading account.

    After you’ve decided on a broker, you can deposit funds into a trading account. Most online forex brokers accept several ways to fund an account, including bank wire transfers, debit card payments or transfers from electronic payment providers like Skrill or PayPal.

  3. Obtain a forex trading platform.

    You will need to download or get access to an online forex trading platform supported by your broker. Most forex brokers either offer a proprietary trading platform or support a popular 3rd-party platform like MetaTrader4 and 5 (MT4/5) from Subscribe to our membership and set up the expert advisors

  4. Start trading.

    After completing all of the previous steps, you now have a funded Forex account and are ready to trade. You can also usually open a demo account funded with virtual money to test out the broker’s forex platforms and services before going live. In addition, demo accounts are also beneficial for testing trading strategies and practising trading without risking any funds.